When Gustave Eiffel’s group built Paris’ most definite monument for the 1889 World’s Fair, many regarded the enormous iron structure with skepticism. Today, the Eiffel Tower, which endures to serve an crucial role in television and radio broadcasts, is designed an architectural wonder and brings more visitors than any other paid tourist attraction in the world.
In 1889, Paris introduced an Exposition Universelle (World’s Fair) to stain the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. More than 100 experts submitted competing plans for a monument to be create on the Champ-de-Mars, based in central Paris, and deliver as the exposition’s access. The commission was assumed to Eiffel et Compagnie, a advising and construction firm owned by the renowned bridge builder, architect and metals adept Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. Although Eiffel himself often receives full acclaim for the monument that bears his name, it was one of his agents—a structural engineer titled Maurice Koechlin—who came up with and fine-tuned the notion. many years earlier, the duo had collaborated on the Statue of Liberty’s metal armature.
Eiffel reportedly denied Koechlin’s original plan for the tower, instructing him to count more baroque flourishes. The final layout called for more than 18,000 pieces of plash iron, a type of wrought iron used in development, and 2.5 million rivets. Many hundred workers spent two years assembling the groundwork of the iconic filigree tower, which at its inauguration in March 1889 stood nearly 1,000 feet high and was the tallest architecture in the world—a distinction it held until the conclusion of New York City’s Chrysler Building in 1930. (In 1957, an antenna was added that enlarged the structure’s height by 65 feet, creating it taller than the Chrysler Building but not the Empire State Building, which had beat its neighbor in 1931.)
Originally, only the Eiffel Tower’s second-floor platform was open to the public; later, all three levels, two of which now speacialty restaurants, would be reachable by stairway or one of eight elevators.
Now one of the most recognizable architectures on the planet, the Eiffel Tower underwent a major new look in 1986 and is repainted every seven years. It ovations more visitors than any other compensated monument in the world—an estimated 7 million people per year. Some 500 members are responsible for its daily operations, working in its restaurants, decorating its elevators, ensuring its security and directing the greedy crowds gathering the tower’s platforms to enjoy scenic views of the City of Lights.