One of the popular Wonders of The World, Machu Picchu, an architectural stone built with the poise of the ancient Peruvians, perched atop of a charming setting of a high mountain forest of the Andes..
Where the Incas disclosed their devotion to the gods with art, engineering, hydraulics... it was the decor of a political, astronomical, and religious center,... a cosmic vortex!
Machupicchu ("Old Mountain") bastion is built on a hill between Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu ("Young Mountain"), above the Urubamba River Valley,
Machupicchu was exactly discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham who came backed by the National Geographic Society, the Yale University and by the Peruvian authority, up until then it had been noted by local people.
In 1983 UNESCO nominated Machu Picchu a World Heritage Site, expressing it as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".
Maximum archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an area for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472) who had begun the astonishing stone constructions in Cuzco, Pisac and Ollantaytambo; Machupicchu was discarded just over 100 years later, in 1572, as a delayed result of the Spanish Rout. It is probable that most of its inhabitants died from smallpox imported by Spanish explorers before the conquistadors arrived in the range. The recent had notes of a place called Piccho, ("peak") although there is no record of the Spanish people having visited the remote city. The types of cherised rocks defaced by the conquistadors in other areas are untouched at Machu Picchu.
Aguas Calientes village, based at the bottom, alongside the Urubamba (or Vilcanota) River, gets its name from the adjacent hot springs and it is at the ground of the Valley. The altitude in Aguas Calientes is 2.020 m. From there, a 20 minute bus expidition takes you up to Machu Picchu on a hilly and winding mud road up to 2400 m.