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Remembering Dr.Rajendra Prasad On His 136th Birth Anniversary
Dr. Rajendra Prasad had played big role in attaining freedom for the Motherland India.
Remembering Dr. Rajendra Prasad On His 136th Birth Anniversary
New Delhi: Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of independent India. He was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian Nationalist Movement with Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Lal Bahadur Shastri. He played a major role in attaining freedom for the Motherland India.
Life history and Education: Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born into joint family in Ziradei village of Siwan district near Chhapra of Bihar. His father, Mahadev Sahay was a scholar of Persian and Sanskrit language while his mother Kamleshwari Devi was a very religious lady.
From very young age of five, Rajendra Prasad was advised to learn Persian, Hindi and Mathematics. Later he was transferred to the Chhapra Zilla School and went on to study at R.K. Ghosh's Academy in Patna. At the age of 12, Rajendra Prasad was married to Rajavanshi Devi. The couple had also one son named Mrityunjay.
Rajendra Prasad stood first in the entrance examination to study at the University of Calcutta. He was awarded a scholarship of Rs.30 per month and he joined the Presidency College in 1902.
Rajendra Prasad passed with a Gold medal in the Masters degree in Economics from University of Calcutta.
After his post-graduation, he joined as a Professor of English at the Langat Singh College of Muzaffarpur, Bihar and later became its Principal. He left the job in 1909 and came to Calcutta to pursue a degree in Law. He then went on to pursue a Doctorate degree in Law from the Allahabad University.
He started his law practice at the Calcutta High Court in 1911. In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the Patna High court.
Political Career: He attended as a volunteer in the 1906 Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress and formally joined the party in 1911. In 1920, when Gandhi announced the commencement of the Non-cooperation movement, Dr. Prasad gave up his law practice and dedicated himself to the cause of freedom. He led the programs of non-cooperation in Bihar.
He gave ideas of Swadeshi and asked people to boycott foreign goods, peruse the spinning wheel and wear only khadi garments.
Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing Rajendra Prasad as the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress in October 1934. He was elected President for a second time in 1939 when Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from the post. His third stint as the President of All India Congress Party was in 1947 when J. B. Kripalani resigned from the post.
He became very much involved in the Quit India movement launched by Gandhi in 1942.
When British Government arrested all influential Congress leaders Dr. Prasad was also arrested from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and was sent to Bankipur Central Jail where he spent 3 years imprisonment. He was released on 15 June 1945.
He spent the last few months of his life in retirement at the Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. He was awarded the "Bharat Ratna", the nation's highest civilian award, in 1962.
Dr. Prasad passed away, after suffering from brief illness for around six months, on February 28, 1963.