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India's 2018 Tiger Census Sets A New Guiness Book Of World Records
The fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018 estimated 2,967 tigers or 75 per cent of the global tiger population in the nation.
India's 2018 Tiger Census Sets A New Guinness Book Of World Records
New Delhi: India's 2018 tiger census has entered the Guinness Book of World Record for being the largest camera trap wildlife survey.
In 2018-19 the fourth edition of the tiger census, was the "most comprehensive" to date," in terms of both resource and data amassed", said the Guinness World Record team.
Prakash Javadekar's environment minister reacted to the feat and has said that the aim is to double the numbers achieved four years before the target.
“Our census of tigers entered Guinness World Records because we have installed more cameras to monitor them as compared to other countries. Their population is nearly 70% of the world’s tiger population,” he told news agency ANI.
The government of India since 2006, has been conducting the census every four years led by the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) and the Wildlife Institute of India(WII) with the cooperation from the various state forest departments and conservation NGOs.
The aim of the exercise at arriving at a nationwide assessment into the country's populations and the habitat of tigers(Panthera tigris tigris).
In the three-phase, the latest survey was carried out, marked by an “unprecedented camera trap usage”. “Camera traps (outdoor photographic devices fitted with motion sensors that start recording when an animal passes by) were placed in 26,838 locations across 141 different sites and surveyed an effective area of 121,337 square kilometers (46,848 square miles),” the website noted.
During the survey Around 34,858,623 photographs of wildlife (76,651 of which were tigers and 51,777 were leopards; the remainder were other native fauna) were captured from the survey from which 2,461 individual tigers (excluding cubs) were identified.
"Status of Tigers in India" 2018, the assessment also conducted an extensive foot survey that covered 522,996 km (324,975 mi) of trails and sampled 317,958 habitat plots for vegetation and prey dung. It’s estimated that the total area of forest studied was 381,200 km2 (147,181 sq mi) and cumulatively the collection and review of data equated to some 620,795 labour-days
Whereas the positive outcome if the survey was that it concluded that India's tiger population had increased by roughly one-third from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,927 in 2018, while some have cautioned that this rise may in part reflect more comprehensive surveying as opposed to purely a population surge.
The areas of improvement include better "corridors" between isolated pockets of tiger territory.
(With Inputs from PTI)