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Global Hunger Index 2020: India Ranks 94 Out Of 107 Countries,In "Serious" Category
According to the report, 14 per cent of India's population is undernourished.
Global Hunger Index 2020: India Ranks 94 Out Of 107 Countries, In "Serious" Category
New Delhi: Indian ranked 94 among the 107nations in the Global Hunger Index 2020 and is in the "serious" hunger category with the experts blaming poor implementation processes, lack of the effective monitoring, and siloed approach in tackling malnutrition, and poor performance by large states behind the low ranking.
India's last year's rank was 102 out of 117 countries.
Whereas the neighboring Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Myanmar too are in the "serious" category but has ranked higher than India in this year's hunger index. Meanwhile, Bangladesh ranked 75, Myanmar and Pakistan are in the 78th and 88th position.
As per the reports Nepal is in 73rd and Sri Lanka in 64th position are in the 'moderate' hunger category.
Seventeen nations, including China, Ukraine, Turkey, Cuba, and Kuwait, Belarus shared the top rank with the GHI scores of less than five, the website of the Global Hunger Index, that tracks hunger and malnutrition, said on Friday.
As per the report, 14 percent of India's population is undernourished. It also showed the country recorded a 37.4 percent stunting rate among children under five and a wasting rate of 17.3 percent.
The data from 1991 through 2014 for Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan showed that stunting is concentrated among the children from the household facing multiple forms of deprivation including poor dietary diversity.
India during this period has experienced a decline in under-five mortality driven by the largely by a decrease in death from birth asphyxia or trauma, neonatal infections, pneumonia, and diarrhea, the report stated.
"However, child mortality, caused by prematurity and low birth weight, increased particularly in poorer states and rural areas. Prevention of prematurity and low birthweight is identified as a key factor with the potential to reduce under-five mortality in India, through actions such as better antenatal care, education, and nutrition as well as reductions in anemia and oral tobacco use," it said.
A senior research fellow at the Internation food policy Research Institute Purnima Menon said the performance of large states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh needs to be improved to see an overall change of India's ranking.
"The national average is affected a lot by the states like UP and Bihar... the states which actually have a combination of high levels of malnutrition and they contribute a lot to the population of the country.
"Every fifth child born in India is in Uttar Pradesh. So if you have a high level of malnutrition in a state that has a high population, it contributes a lot to India's average. Obviously, then, India's average will be slow to move," she told PTI.
The GHI score is calculated on the four indicators of undernourishment; child wasting, the share of children under the age of five .
With inputs from PTI