"It Is Very Easy To Defeat Someone, But It's Very Hard To Win Someone" Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

"It Is Very Easy To Defeat Someone, But It

"It Is Very Easy To Defeat Someone, But It's Very Hard To Win Someone" Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

New Delhi: Modern Indian history cannot be defined without mentioning the name of APJ Abdul Kalam. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was a renowned Indian scientist who became 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. The missile man of India was a tremendous scientist, teacher, statesman and most importantly a great human being. On July 27, 2015, Dr Kalam collapsed and died due to cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture at the IIM Shillong.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on to a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram on Pamban Island, Tamil Nadu. His mother Ashiamma was a homemaker while in a local mosque, his father Jainulabdeen owned a boat. When his family business failed he sold newspapers at an early age to support his family.

In 1960, after graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology, Dr Kalam was appointed as a scientist in the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). In 1969, he was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) where he became the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III).

Dr Kalam was held accountable for developing Indigenous Guided Missiles at DRDO as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), after working for twenty years in ISRO and mastering launch vehicle technologies. For building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions, he was accountable for the operationalisation and development of AGNI and PRITHVI Missiles. 

Also Read: A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's Birth Anniversary: 15 Inspiring Quotes By "Missile Man"

He also served as the Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary in the Department of Defence Research & Development, from July 1992 to December 1999. 

After becoming 11th President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam shared his vision for India, addressing Indians with the similar passion which formed his entire life.  He was ardent for transforming society through technological development and also played a vital role in inspiring the youth of India to harness Science and Technology for human welfare. In spite of all his achievements, he always wanted to be remembered as a teacher.

From 40 universities Dr Kalam was awarded 7 honorary doctorates. In 1981 the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and in 1990 was awarded the Padma Vibhushan for his work with ISRO and DRDO. For his contribution to scientific research and modernisation of defence technology in India, he was honoured with India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1997. The DRDO built Abdul Kalam National Memorial, in his memory at Pei Karumbu,Tamil Nadu. The memorial was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in July 2017.

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